What are foot Orthotics?

An orthotic is a corrective device. Foot orthotics are used to correct poor foot function. Fallen arches, flat feet, and high rigid arches can lead to foot, ankle and lower back problems. Custom made orthotics are used to support and realign the foot , evenly distributing your weight in every step helping to alleviate stress on your joints.

Symptoms of poor foot mechanics

Bunions   –   A bony lump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. This is caused by excessive over pronation combined with a hypermobile big toe joint, which can cause propulsion to come off the medial side of the foot, resulting in forces that stretch and distort the joint.

Metatarsalgia  –   This is most commonly known as pain in the ball of the foot, it is general pain underneath the metatarsal area ( between the toes). This condition is very common and is caused by abnormal weight distribution due to abnormal pronation and can be recognized also as Morton’s neuroma ( a nerve aggravation between the two metatarsal heads.

Hammer Toes  –   This may be caused by wearing improper fitting shoes or if you have dropped metatarsal heads . Pressure may be felt against the shoe and under the ball of the foot. Pressures in the metatarsal area causes the toes to contract and become “hammered“.   

Planter Fasciitis (Heel Pain) –   Excessive abnormal pronation stretches the planter fascia (a tendon running from the heel bone to the ball of the foot) over and over with every step. Pain is felt underneath the heel due to inflammation of the fascia. Over time a bony spur can develop where the fascia connects to the heel bone, which is known as a “heel spur“.

Achilles Tendonitis   –   Achilles tendonitis is the inflammation of the Achilles tendon which runs from the back of the heel to the calf muscle. The strong tendon acts to stabilize the foot, but over pronation can stretch the tendon causing it to become inflamed and painful.

Knee Pain  –   Over pronation can cause a lot of knee pain, eg: IT band Syndrome  (outside the knee).  Over pronation counter rotates the tibia (shin) against the femur (tight)  which can cause pain on the lateral and medial (outside & inside) knee pain. Excessive pronation (eg foot falling inwards ) causes Chondromalacia Patella (runners knee) pain is under the knee because the tracking is not in the groove of the femur correctly causing inflammation .

Lower Back Pain  –   Over pronation causes stress and misalignment of the kinetic chain,affecting the alignment of the spinal column. This misalignment can cause lower back pain.